Healthy Beginnings / Increasing Adolescent Fruit and Vegetable Consumption2022-02-01T15:26:46-08:00

Over 70 percent of California adolescents are not eating enough fruits and vegetables1

Eating vegetables and fruits is connected with a reduced risk of many chronic diseases, may be protective against certain types of cancer, and may help teens achieve and maintain a healthy weight.2

Indicator Progress

In 2009 (baseline year), 19.9% of adolescents aged 12-17 met the recommended intake of fruits and vegetables (at least 5 servings per day). The most recent data available show 24.0% (2018). We hope to reach a target of 32.0% or higher by 2022.

More Data about Adolescent Fruit and Vegetable Consumption



Current Rate




Indicator Highlights

Building Broccoli Smiles through Food Literacy

The Food Literacy Center teaches low-income elementary school students skills to reduce obesity risk. These skills include how to read and cook using a simple recipe, make sustainable food choices, and find enrichment in both cooking and eating healthy foods. Read more »

Proportion of Adolescents Who Reported Consuming Fruits and Vegetables Five or More Times Yesterday, Over Time

Proportion of Adolescents Who Reported Consuming Fruits and Vegetables Five or More Times Yesterday, by Demographic Category


Indicator: Adolescents who have consumed fruits and vegetables five or more times per day.

Description: This variable was created based on multiple diet questions asked for prior 24 hour eating habits.

Data Limitations: Asked of California’s residential population (adults, teens, and children), administered in English, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, Tagalog, and Vietnamese. Does not include those living in group quarters or homeless persons.

Indicator Source: California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) is an annual, population-based, omnibus health survey of California. It is the largest telephone survey in California and the largest state health survey in the country. Note that this indicator uses weighted data.

Data Sharing Agreement: Researchers can access a variety of publicly available CHIS data files and web tools. These CHIS data products include downloadable data sets and easy-to-read documents. In addition, local county health departments can request data files specific to their county. However, researchers can apply to analyze confidential CHIS data, data sensitive variables and/or geo-coded data through the CHIS Data Access Center (DAC). Access to confidential CHIS data requires a research application, review, and approval.

Indicator Calculation Methodology:

Data Collection Methodology:

Program URL Link:

1. Nutrition Education and Obesity Prevention Branch. (2014). Obesity in California: The Weight of the State. California Department of Public Health. Weblink:

2. Backman, D., Lee, P., & Paciotti, B. (2013). Health Disparities in the Medi-Cal Population. Retrieved November 17, 2015, from

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