Living Well / Increasing Adult Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

Living Well / Increasing Adult Fruit and Vegetable Consumption2022-06-20T10:08:29-07:00

Not eating enough fruits and vegetables contributes to poor health and risk of chronic disease1

Currently only 28% of Californians meet the standard of eating fruits and vegetables five times a day.2 Research indicates that many chronic conditions including diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol can be treated, controlled and in some cases reversed with proper diet. Over the past 30 years, caloric intake nationwide has increased significantly. On average Americans consume more than 300 more calories per day than they did in 1985.3 Let’s Get Healthy California seeks to increase fruit and vegetable consumption from 28% to 34% by 2022.

Indicator Progress

In 2012 (baseline year), 28.0% of adults met the recommended intake of fruits and vegetables. Current data is pending. We hope to reach a target of 34.0% or higher by 2022.

More Data about Adult Fruit and Vegetable Consumption



Current Rate




Indicator Highlights

Disparities & Trends

Proportion of Adults Who Reported Consuming Fruits and Vegetables Five or More Times Yesterday, Over Time

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Proportion of Adults Who Reported Consuming Fruits and Vegetables Five or More Times Yesterday, by Demographic Category

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Proportion of Adults Who Reported Consuming Fruits and Vegetables Five or More Times Yesterday, by Location

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Indicator: Percent of adults who have consumed fruits and vegetables five or more times per day.

Description: Indicators are from UCLA’s California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) Public Use File (PUF). This variable is a construct based on diet questions asking the number of fruits and the number of vegetables consumed in the prior month (CHIS PUF Variable: AE2, and AE7). Adults 18+ were asked “During the past month, how many times did you eat fruit? Do not count juices.” AND “During the past month, how many times did you eat vegetables like green salad, green beans, or potatoes? Do not include fried potatoes or cooked dried beans such as refried beans, baked beans or bean soup.”.

Data Limitations: Asked of California’s residential population (adults, teens, and children), administered in English, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, Tagalog, and Vietnamese. Does not include those living in group quarters or homeless persons. This indicator uses weighted data.

Indicator Source: UCLA’s Center for Health Policy Research CHIS is an annual, population-based, omnibus health survey of California. It is the largest telephone survey in California and the largest state health survey in the country. Note that this indicator uses weighted data.

Data Sharing Agreement: Researchers can access a variety of publicly available CHIS data files and web tools. These CHIS data products include downloadable data sets and easy-to-read documents. In addition, local county health departments can request data files specific to their county. However, researchers can apply to analyze confidential CHIS data, data sensitive variables and/or geo-coded data through the CHIS Data Access Center (DAC). Access to confidential CHIS data requires a research application, review, and approval.

Indicator Calculation Methodology: Indicator constructed from responses to multiple survey questions, where adult fruit and vegetable consumption (AFV) = (AE2 + AE7)*(12/365.25). More information about “constructed variables” is available from the CHIS FAQs, available at

Data Collection Methodology: Statewide telephone survey using a geographically stratified sample design. Estimates are weighted to Dept. of Finance demographic data (adjusted for group quarters population). More information is available at

Program URL Link:

Reporting Cycle:  Annual Survey

Reporting Lag:  2 years

1. Office of Health Equity. (August 2015). Portrait of Promise: California Statewide Plan to Promote Health Equity and Mental Health Equity. California Department of Public Health.

2. Let’s Get Healthy California Task Force. (December 2012). Lets Get Healthy California Task Force Final Report. Let’s Get Healthy California Task Force.,

3. Peck, C., Logan, J., Maizlish, N., & Van Court, J. (n.d.). The Burden of Chronic Disease, Injury, and Environmental Exposure, California, Second Edition. Retrieved May 17, 2022:

4. California Department of Public Health, Obesity in California: The Weight of the State 2000-2014. (2014). Retrieved November 15, 2015, from

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