What are social determinants of health?
The conditions in which people live, work, learn, and play have a tremendous impact on their health. These social, physical, and economic environments and conditions are collectively referred to as the social determinants of health.1 Many factors combine to affect the health of individuals and communities7. Examples of these many connected factors which shape health include: 5,6,7
Physical Environment: clean air and water, safe streets and parks, transportation options, land use, affordable housing
Social Environment: support from family, friends, co-workers, and neighbors, community connectedness, safety from crime and violence, protection against racism and discrimination, civic engagement
Economic & Work Environment: opportunities for employment, income security, workplace safety, child care, healthy and sufficient food
Service Environment: quality healthcare, health insurance coverage, provider availability, social services and mental health services, culturally and linguistically appropriate services in all sectors
Education: high school graduation, enrollment in higher education, language and literacy, early childhood education and development
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